Wu Xiang, who was born in Pingyang County, Zhejiang Province in 1910, graduated from Central University with a bachelor's degree in education in 1935. He then worked as a teaching assistant of physiology in the School of Medicine at Central University and was promoted to an associate professor in 1944. Sponsored by the American Bureau of Medical Aids to China and the Ministry of Education, Wu enrolled in the Department of Physiology at the University of Minnesota. One year later, Wu received his master’s degree in science and returned to China. He went back to teaching at the Central University School of Medicine and was granted professorship in 1948. Wu then served as a physiology professor at numerous universities, including Dalian University School of Medicine, Nanjing University Medical School, the PLA Second Field Army Medical College, Zunyi Medical College and Dalian Medical College. After retirement in 1987, Wu served as a member of the National Natural Science Physiology Terminology Committee, a consultant for the journal “Biological Science Development,” the Director of the China Physiology Association and an honorary chairman of the Liaoning Province Physiology Association.
Wu was the editor or author of multiple classic physiology textbooks, including the Outline of Physiology, Human Physiology and A Brief History of the Development of Modern Physiology. In 1949, he established the first Chinese people 's normal scale of physiology, which remains in academic references today.