Lau Chi-kuen earned his master of arts in mass communication from the University of Minnesota in 1983. He then returned to Hong Kong and worked as reporter at the South China Morning Post, which is the leading English-language newspaper in Hong Kong. He was later promoted to chief editor of the newspaper. Lau has also served as associate editor for The Australian and the Overseas Chinese Daily, and as chief press officer for the Hong Kong Independent Commission Against Corruption. The Newspaper Society of Hong Kong named him the Journalist of the Year in 1986.
Lau has written extensively and authored the book, "A Hong Kong Chinese's View of the British Heritage," published by the Chinese University of Hong Kong in 1997.
In 2008, Lau received the Distinguished Leadership Award for Internationals from the University of Minnesota, for his dedication to defending press freedom and his commitment to Hong Kong.